Your Guide to Skin Discoloration and Hyperpigmentation: Causes, Types, and Treatment

If you’re struggling with skin discoloration or hyperpigmentation, you’re certainly not alone. Pigmentation issues are one of the most common skincare concerns among men and women of all ages, and although they’re not generally cause for medical concern, they can be bothersome from a cosmetic standpoint. If you’re one of the many people dealing with skin discoloration, our comprehensive skincare guide can help you understand the various causes and types of hyperpigmentation and how to help address it for smoother and more even looking skin.


When your skin produces too much melanin, the pigment responsible for the color of your skin and hair, you may notice spots of discoloration or an uneven texture. A number of different factors can influence your body’s melanin production, including:


Genetics can cause an overproduction of melanin, which can cause overproduction of pigment during the healing process.

  • Genetics. For some, an overproduction of melanin is simply encoded in their DNA. In many cases, this shows up during wound repair, when your skin’s natural healing process produces either too little or too much pigmentation, resulting in a patch of discolored skin.
  • Overexposure to the sun. The sun’s UV rays stimulate melanin production in your skin as a defense mechanism. Thus, when your skin tans, this is actually a sign that your body is recognizing some form of potentially harmful damage caused by the sun, which can lead to melanoma and other skin cancers (JAMA Pediatrics). Overexposure to UV light, either from natural sunlight or indoor tanning beds, can also cause unwanted cosmetic concerns, including dark spots on your skin commonly referred to as sun spots or age spots.
  • Inflammation. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation typically occurs following an acne breakout or other skin injury that triggers your skin’s healing reaction. This can leave a patch of skin that’s slightly darker than the rest of your complexion (The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology).

Types of Pigmentation Concerns

Different Types of Pigmentation Concerns

Different types of skin pigmentation concerns include Lentigo, Solar Lentigines, and Melasma.

Depending on what may be causing your skin discoloration, your condition may fall into one of the following three common types of hyperpigmentation.

  • Lentigo. A lentigo is a pigmented lesion that is darker than the surrounding skin and, unlike a freckle, does not fade away. This type of hyperpigmentation may be caused by genetics or sun exposure, as in the case of a solar lentigo (Cleveland Clinic).
  • Solar Lentigines. Solar lentigines are the dark spots that appear on the skin following extensive UV exposure. These differ from lentigo in that they are caused by environmental factors rather than genetics and thus, typically occur later in life (American Osteopathic College of Dermatology).
  • Melasma. This is a common skin condition characterized by dark brown or grayish patches of skin on the forehead, nose, cheeks, or chin. The two primary causes of melasma are sun exposure and the hormonal shifts that can occur during pregnancy (American Academy of Dermatology.

Treating The Look of Skin Discoloration and Hyperpigmentation

Skinbetter AlphaRet™ Overnight Cream

The skinbetter AlphaRet™ Overnight Cream formula has been specifically designed to help target skin hyperpigmentation, uneven texture, lines and wrinkles.

While there’s no “cure” for hyperpigmentation, there are ways that you can help your skin to repair and restore itself to promote a smoother, more even looking tone and texture. The skinbetter proprietary and revolutionary AlphaRet™ Overnight Cream formula has been specifically designed to help target skin discoloration, uneven texture, lines and wrinkles.

This formula contains a unique blend of two gold standard skin care ingredients: a retinoid and alpha hydroxy acids. This combination creates an innovative double conjugated retinoid that has been shown to help nourish collagen while retexturizing the feel of the skin and significantly improving the appearance of discoloration and the overall tone and texture of your skin. Glycolic acid and lactic acid are alpha hydroxy acids that have been found effective in helping to reduce the appearance of pigmented lesions by accelerating the epidermal turnover and by inhibiting melanin formation in melanocytes (Experimental Dermatology).

AlphaRet™ Overnight Cream also contains an array of potent antioxidants, which help to defend against further loss of collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid, three vital components of your skin’s structure and texture.

As early as four weeks of use, AlphaRet™ Overnight Cream provides noticeable improvements in the appearance of the tone, texture, and overall radiance of your skin. Its anti-photoaging properties will not only help your skin to repair the appearance of sun damage and other causes of hyperpigmentation, but it can also smooth away the appearance of lines and wrinkles thanks to its ability to help nourish collagen and elastin production. The result is a smooth, clear, and healthy-looking complexion.

The Bottom Line

Skin discoloration issues can be difficult to deal with, especially if they’re affecting your self-confidence. But by combining the right ingredients to help boost your skin’s natural ability to rejuvenate itself, you can set your skin tone concerns aside and enjoy a brighter, revitalized look that you can feel great about.

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